Chapter 15

Utilization of Ceiba Pentandra Seed Oil as Potential Feedstock for Biodiesel Production (pp. 263-276)
Authors:  (S. Yusup, M.M. Ahmad, Y. Uemura, S. Abu Bakar, R. Nik Mohamad Kamil, A.T. Quitain and S. Shari, Biomass Processing Laboratory, Centre for Biofuel and Biochemical Research, Green Technology Mission Oriented Research, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia, and others)
The utilization of Ceiba Pentandra seed oil as potential feedstock for biodiesel
production has been explored. About 28% wt/wt of Ceiba Pentandra seed oil was
obtained from the extraction process. Ceiba Pentandra seed oil which contains high free
fatty acid (FFA) was pre-treated using acid-catalyzed esterification process.
Transesterification process had been carried out using L9 Taguchi method. It was found
that, the highest yield of Ceiba Pentandra biodiesel which is 90.52% was obtained at
reaction temperature of 70oC and methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 10:1. The biodiesel
property of Ceiba Pentandra seed oil Methyl Ester has been characterized and it meets
the properties of biodiesel as stated in standard method of ASTM D6751 and EN14214.